Shadowitz (1988a) states, "(1)

In the above quote, the field potential f, is in the units of volts.

Imry and Webb (April 1989) states, "When the theories of relativity and quantum mechanics were introduced, the potentials, not the electric and magnetic fields, appeared in the equations of quantum mechanics and the equations of relativity simplified into a compact mathematical form if the fields were expressed in terms of potentials. The experiments suggested by Aharonov and Bohm revealed the physical significance of potentials: a charged particle that passes close to but in no manner encounters a magnetic or electric field will nonetheless change its dynamics in a subtle but measurable way. The consequence of the Aharonov-Bohm effect is that the potentials, not the fields, act directly on charges." -Unquote.

To elaborate on the Aharonov-Bohm experiment, Shadowitz (1988b) is quoted as, "The Aharonov-Bohm experiments are significant because there is a region where

by time t = current and wave-

length divided by time is

velocity.

momentum, with respect to time,

=

The vector magnetic potential

I propose that a torus wound coil (toroid) with an open air core be used to establish an

Rotation is associated with the

postulated value of electrogravitational energy.

The following is quoted from (Atkins 1991c), "A wavepacket is a superposition of wavefunctions that is usually strongly peaked in one region of space and virtually zero elsewhere. (Fig. W.6). The peak of the wavepacket denotes the most likely location of the particle; it occurs where the contributing wavefunctions are in phase and interfere constructively. Elsewhere, the wavefunctions interfere destructively, and the net amplitude of the wavepacket is small or zero.

A wavepacket moves because all the component functions change at different rates, and at different times the point of maximum constructive interference is in different locations. The motion of the

Please note that in the above quote, the reference to (Fig. W.6) is in the book by Atkins and is not reproduced here. It portrays a single cycle of amplitude above a zero line which is where the frequency components add constructively and this amplitude moves through space as a function of time and frequency difference.

I propose that the frequency difference is very small as to the frequency separation caused by spreading, approximately 10 cycles out of 1^20 cycles per second. This causes particle motion which results in the gravitational action. The action is instantaneous through non-local energy space while the reaction is in observable local space. The carrier of the non-local instantaneous action is the wavefunction similar to the de Broglie pilot wave and the reaction is the net observable local space result. The Schrodinger wave equation does not describe an ordinary electromagnetic wave but a probability wave, and the probability wave determines all of the action and reaction of the total electrogravitational interaction.

In conclusion, I feel that including the wavefunction section below the vector magnetic presentation is necessary. If we expect to derive and utilize a new and useful force/energy field, we must consider the quantum aspect of what makes up current flow and basic particle motion. This requires a contemporary math approach and as a result, cannot be avoided.

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Jerry E. Bayles

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Atkins, P. W., Quanta, Oxford University Press, New York, 1991a, p. 319.

Ibid., 1991b, p. 320.

Ibid., 1991c, p. 395.

Shadowitz, Albert,

Ibid., 1988b, pp. 208-209.

Taylor, John, Gauge Theories in particle physics, Chapter 17 of the book,

Ibid., 1989b, p. 469.

Ymry, Y. and Webb, R. A., Quantum Interference and the Aharonov-Bohm Effect,